Morphology test of activated charcoal from oil palm fronds with activator and NaO

Debby Marantika, Masthura Masthura, Ratni Sirait

Abstract


ABSTRACT

Activated charcoal has been investigated by utilizing oil palm fronds using the addition of NaOH and H2SO4 activators. The purpose of this study was to determine the microstructure of the effect of activated charcoal using NaOH and H2SO4 activator at a carbonization temperature of 500℃ for 60 minutes. The method used in this research is a method with a quantitative approach. The characterization used was Scanning Electron Microscopy (SEM) to determine the surface morphology of activated charcoal. The results of the tests carried out for the H2SO4 and NaOH activators showed that the best results were found in the NaOH activator which had larger pores than the H2SO4 activator, with a particle diameter size range of 0.432 µm – 1.564 µm which was analyzed using Software Digimizer.


Keywords


Palm midrib; SEM; Activated Charcoal

References


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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.31258/jkfi.21.1.%25p

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