An internet of things-based monitoring system for agricultural land suitability for oil palm planting

Amriansyah Simatupang, Mulkan Iskandar Nasution, Muhammad Nuh

Abstract


Oil palm is the most productive type of plant in producing vegetable oil. The development of the industrial revolution led to an explosion in demand for vegetable oil, so that palm oil was a major contributor to the country's foreign exchange. Indonesia is one of the countries with the largest oil palm plantations in the world. However, the yields produced are still not optimal due to several factors, namely the condition of soil pH, soil moisture, and the surrounding temperature. Soil contains nutrients such as Nitrogen (N), Potassium (K), and Phosphorus (P) which oil palm plants need in certain amounts to grow. To find out the quality of the soil, there are several methods that are carried out by taking a soil sample and using a soil pH meter, however, this method requires a long time and the measurement is only limited to measuring soil pH. This research produced a system for detecting soil pH, soil moisture, and temperature around the soil on an IoT-based land that will be planted with oil palm, as the controller is NodeMCU ESP32. This tool displays soil pH, soil moisture, air temperature on the LCD screen and on the Blynk application page so that it can be accessed anytime and anywhere. This will make it easier for oil palm farmers to obtain accurate information before planting oil palm on vacant land. After testing and data collection, the soil pH sensor has a good correlation with an error rate of 1.71%, soil moisture 1.23%, and air temperature 4.04%. So that this sensor can be implemented on vacant land before planting oil palm.


Keywords


Soil pH; Soil Moisture; Air Temperature (DHT 11); IoT; ESP 32; Palm Oil

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.31258/jkfi.21.1.%25p

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